Veja 40 artigos científicos que contradizem as afirmações do Ministério da Saúde E TIRE SUAS PRÓPRIAS CONCLUSÕES

O Ministério da Saúde brasileiro segue prestando um desserviço à população em mais uma campanha equivocada, em uma clara violação do direito à informação: segue disseminando conceitos e ideias descontextualizadas, fragmentadas e desvirtuadas numa clara intencionalidade de imposição ideológica.

É bastante preocupante essa intencionalidade da prática da desinformação e da deseducação vinda de uma entidade pública. O papel pertinente e adequado da comunicação social de um órgão ministerial não seria criar uma campanha educativa informando, por exemplo, o que realmente é o vaping, quais os benefícios e riscos, para qual público se destina?

Poderiam ser inspirados por seus pares, como os ministérios da saúde da Nova Zelândia, da França, do Reino Unido etc que abraçaram a ciência e promoveram estudos sistemáticos, campanhas educativas, informativas … ou realmente seria fato que na opinião das autoridades de saúde brasileiras os seus análogos são irresponsáveis e estão colocando os cidadãos de seus países em risco?

Em nenhum estudo ou relatório realizado com seriedade se encontra a afirmação de que os cigarros eletrônicos são inócuos. O que diversas e conceituadas autoridades de saúde relatam e confirmam é a virtude que essa tecnologia inovadora apresenta em minimizar os riscos e danos associados ao consumo de nicotina pelos meios tradicionais ao eliminar a combustão do processo.

Mas veja o que diz a campanha do Ministério da Saúde e o que diz a ciência. E tire suas próprias conclusões:

20 artigos que desmentem:

1. Polosa R, O’Leary R, Tashkin D, Emma R & Caruso M (2019) “The effect of e-cigarette aerosol emissions on respiratory health: a narrative review”, Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, 13:9, 899-915, DOI: 10.1080/17476348.2019.1649146

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17476348.2019.1649146

2. J B Morjaria, E Mondati and R Polosa. “E-cigarettes in patients with COPD: current perspectives”. International Journal of COPD, 2017:12:3203-3210. 

https://www.dovepress.com/e-cigarettes-in-patients-with-copd-current-perspectives-peer-reviewed-fu lltext-article-COPD

3. Riccardo Polosa, Fabio Cibella, Pasquale Caponnetto, Marilena Maglia, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo & Donald Tashkin, “Health impact of E-cigarettes: a prospective 3.5-year study of regular daily users who have never smoked”. Scientific Reports, Nature 2017, 7(1) 13825

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14043-2

4. R Polosa, J Morjaria, P Caponnetto, M Caruso, S Strano, E Battaglia and C Russo, “Effect of Smoking Abstinence and Reduction in Asthmatic Smokers Switching to Electronic Cigarettes: Evidence for Harm Reversal”, Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 May; 11(5): 4965–4977. Published online 2014 May 8. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110504965. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4053879/pdf/ijerph-11-04965.pdf

5. R Polosa, “Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal: emerging evidence in the lung”. BMC Medicine 2015:13:54. 

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1032.227&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 6. R Polosa, J Morjaria, P Caponnetto, M Caruso, D Campagna, M D Ameradio, G Ciampi, C Russo and A Fischiella, “Persisting long term benefits of smoking abstinence and reduction in asthmatic smokers who have switched to electronic cigarettes.” Discov. Med. 21, 99–108 (2016).

 http://www.discoverymedicine.com/Riccardo-Polosa/2016/02/persisting-long-term-benefits-of-smoking-abstinence-and-reduction-in-asthmatic-smokers-who-have-switched-to-electronic-cigarettes/

7. R Polosa, J B Morjaria, P Caponnetto, U Prosperini, C Russo, A Pennissi and C M Bruno. “Evidence for harm reduction in COPD smokers who switch to electronic cigarettes”. Respir. Res. 17, 166 (2016).

https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12931-016-0481-x

8. Farsalinos KE, Romagna G, Tsiapras D, Kyrzopoulos S, Voudris V. “Characteristics, perceived side effects and benefits of electronic cigarette use: a worldwide survey of more than 19,000 consumers“. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11(4):4356–73. 

http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/4/4356/htm

9. Campagna D, Amaradio MD, Sands MF, Polosa R. “Respiratory infections and pneumonia: potential benefits of switching from smoking to vaping“. Pneumonia. 2016;8(4). doi: 10.1186/s41479-016-0001-2

https://pneumonia.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41479-016-0001-2

10. Campagna D, Cibella F, Caponnetto P, Amaradio MD, Caruso M, Morjaria JB, Malerba M, Polosa R. “Changes in breathomics from a 1-year randomized smoking cessation trial of electronic cigarettes“. Eur J Clin Investig. 2016;46(8):698–706.

 ​http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eci.12651/abstract

11. Cibella F, Campagna D, Caponnetto P, Amaradio MD, Caruso M, Russo C, Cockcroft DW, Polosa R. “Lung function and respiratory symptoms in a randomized smoking cessation trial of electronic cigarettes“. Clin. Sci. (Lond.) 2016; 130: 1929–37

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27543458

12. Polosa R, Campagna D, Caponnetto P. “What to advise to respiratory patients intending to use electronic cigarettes“. Discov Med. 2015;20(109):155–161

http://www.discoverymedicine.com/Riccardo-Polosa/2015/09/what-to-advise-to-respiratory-patients-intending-to-use-electronic-cigarettes/

13. Flouris, A., Chorti, M., Poulianiti, K., Jamurtas, A., Kostikas, K., Tzatzarakis, M. et al. (2013) “Acute impact of active and passive electronic cigarette smoking on serum cotinine and lung function”. Inhal Toxicol 25: 91–101

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23363041

14. Gennimata, S., Palamidas, A., Kaltsakas, G., Tsikrika, S., Vakali, S., Gratziou, C. et al. (2012) “Acute effect of e-cigarette on pulmonary function in healthy subjects and smokers”. Presented at the European Respiratory Society’s Annual Congress, Poster P1053. 

https://www.ersnetsecure.org/public/prg_congres.abstract?ww_i_presentation=59718

15. K E Farsalinos, R Polosa, F Cibella, R Niaura. “Is e-cigarette use associated with coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction? Insights from the 2016 and 2017 National Health Interview Surveys“. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease.

https://doi.org/10.1177/2040622319877741

16. MacDonald A, Middlekauff HR. “Electronic cigarettes and cardiovascular health: what do we know so far?” Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2019 Jun 21;15:159-174. doi: 10.2147/VHRM.S175970. eCollection 2019.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31417268

17. Benowitz NL, Burbank AD. “Cardiovascular toxicity of nicotine: Implications for electronic cigarette use”. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2016;26:515-23

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27079891

18. Farsalinos K., Tsiapras D., Kyrzopoulos S., Stefopoulos C., Spyrou A., Tsakalou M., et al.  (2013) “Immediate effects of electronic cigarette use on coronary circulation and blood carboxyhemoglobin levels: comparison with cigarette smoking”. Eur Heart J 34(Abstract Supplement): 13

https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article/34/suppl_1/102/2859516

19. Van Staden S., Groenewald M., Engelbrecht R., Becker P., Hazelhurst L. (2013) “Carboxyhaemoglobin levels, health and lifestyle perceptions in smokers converting from tobacco cigarettes to electronic cigarettes”. S Afr Med J 103: 865–868. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24148175

20. Polosa, R, Morjaria, JB, Caponnetto, P. “Blood pressure control in smokers with arterial hypertension who switched to electronic cigarettes“. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2016; 13: pii: E1123.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27845734

20 artigos que desmentem:

1. Peter Hajek, Ph.D., Anna Phillips-Waller, B.Sc., Dunja Przulj, Ph.D., ET AL. “A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy.” N Engl J Med 2019; 380:629-637 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1808779 

https://bit.ly/2RWdcd0

2. A C Villanti, S. P. Feirman, R. S. Niaura, J. L. Pearson , A. Glasser, L. K. Collins, D. B. Abrams (2017) “How do we determine the impact of e-cigarettes on cigarette smoking cessation or reduction? Review and recommendations for answering the research question with scientific rigor”. Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14020. 

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.14020/abstract

3. Hartmann-Boyce J, McRobbie H, Bullen C, Begh R, Stead L, Hajek P. “Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016 Issue 9. Art. No.: CD010216. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010216. 

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/cochranelibrary/search/

4. Farsalinos K, Siakas G, Poulas K, Voudris V, Merakou K, Barbouni A. “E-cigarette use is strongly associated with recent smoking cessation: an analysis of a representative population sample in Greece”. Intern Emerg Med. 2019 Jan 14.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30637600

 5. Beatrice F, Massaro G. “Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels in Forty Resistant to Cessation Male Smokers after Six Months of Full Switch to Electronic Cigarettes (e-Cigs) or to A Tobacco Heating Systems (THS)”. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Oct 15;16(20). pii: E3916. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203916. PMID: 31618949 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31618949

6. W. E Stephens. “Comparing the cancer potencies of emissions from vaporised nicotine products including e-cigarettes with those of tobacco smoke”, Tobacco Control 2017 053808. 

http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/27/1/10

7. Emma Beard,Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown. “Association between electronic cigarette use and changes in quit attempts, success of quit attempts, use of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, and use of stop smoking services in England: time series analysis of population trends”. BMJ 2016;354:i4645 | doi: 10.1136/bmj.i4645

https://www.bmj.com/content/354/bmj.i4645

8. K E Farsalinos et al, “Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: analysis of a representative sample of 27 460 Europeans form 28 countries”. Addiction 2016 Nov 111(11) 2032-2040 doi: 10.1111/add 13506 Epub 2016 Aug 21. 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.13506

9. S-H Zhu et al. “E-cigarette use and associated changes in population smoking cessation: evidence from US current population surveys”. Bmj. 2017;358:j3262.

https://www.bmj.com/content/358/bmj.j3262

10. Brown J, Beard E, Kotz D, Michie S, West R. “Real-world effectiveness of e-cigarettes when used to aid smoking cessation: a cross-sectional population study”. Addiction. 2014 Sep 1;109(9):1531–40.​

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24846453

11. DP Giovenco and CD Delnevo. “Prevalence of population smoking cessation by electronic cigarette use status in a national sample of recent smokers”. Addict Behav. Pergamon; 2017 Jan 1;76:129–34.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28802179

12. YL Zhuang et al. “Long-term e-cigarette use and smoking cessation: a longitudinal study with US population”. Tob Control. 2016;25(Suppl 1):i90-i5. 

https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/25/Suppl_1/i90

13. L Biener and JL Hargraves. “A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette use among a population-based sample of adult smokers: association with smoking cessation and motivation to quit”. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(2):127-33. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25301815

14. SC Hitchman et al. “Associations Between E-Cigarette Type, Frequency of Use, and Quitting Smoking: Findings From a Longitudinal Online Panel Survey in Great Britain”. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(10):1187-94

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25896067

15. DS Mantey et al. “E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Cessation among Texas College Students”. Am J Health Behav 2017

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29025503

16. B Rodu and N Plurphanswat, “Quit methods used by American smokers, 2013-2014”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2017, 14, 1403. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29149048

17. Caponnetto P., Campagna D., Cibella F., Morjaria J., Caruso M., Russo C., et al. . (2013b) “EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as tobacco cigarettes substitute: a prospective 12-month randomized control design study“. PLoS One 8: e66317. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888441/

18. Adriaens K, Van Gucht D, Declerck P, Baeyens F. “Effectiveness of the electronic cigarette: An eight-week Flemish study with six-month follow-up on smoking reduction, craving and experienced benefits and complaints”. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11:11220-48

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25358095

19. Yingst JM, Foulds J, Veldheer S, Hrabovsky S, Trushin N, Eissenberg TT, et al. (2019). “Nicotine absorption during electronic cigarette use among regular users”. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0220300.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220300

20. C Notley, E Ward, L Dawkins and R Holland. “The unique contribution of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction in supporting smoking relapse prevention”. Harm Reduction Journal (2018) 15:31 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0237-7

https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0237-7
Fonte: http://saudebrasil.saude.gov.br/eu-quero-parar-de-fumar/mentiras-e-verdades-sobre-o-cigarro-eletronico